Cause, Prevention, and Cure of Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Many of you suffer from it but only a few know about its medical term. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation or PHI is the discoloration of your skin that takes place when an inflammatory wound has been healed. These are in the form of dark pink or brown spots.
The inflammation can be due to acne, wound or rash. This inflammation triggers your skin to produce an excessive amount of melanin, which is the protein that determines the color of the skin.
The major causes for PIH are as follows:
It is one of the most common causes for PIH. Discoloration can take place even after having a small pimple or after a large acne breakout. The discoloration will not be bumpy or raised. Instead, your skin will still feel flat but discolored.
Many inflammatory diseases have PIH as an outcome. Some of them are:
- Sebaceous Cysts
Some cosmetic treatments may result in PIH. These may be a result of possible outcomes that the treatment may have or due to your reaction to a particular substance or process during the treatment.
In the case of Acne, avoid popping pimples as that increases the chances of PIH. Avoid touching the pimples. When you are suffering from inflammatory diseases, make sure that you do not pick or scratch your skin, as it will only further the damage. Some other preventive measures that you can take are as follows:
- Try to avoid sun exposure in excess and implement protection measures like carrying an umbrella (and using it), wearing full sleeves clothing and hats.
- Applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF 30 to prevent excessive melanin synthesis.
- Vitamin C serums can help to lessen the sun damage as they have good anti-oxidant properties.
Post Inflammatory Hyper pigmentation may take 3 to up to 24 months to go away. While this may cause you to be a subject of embarrassment, it may also cause irritation and a burning sensation. However, do not worry, there are many cures available for PIH. One can opt for topical treatment options, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser peels, fractional skin resurfacing (FSR) etc. To know what your best option is, you may consult Dr Kling.