There are many religious and social barriers to screening for cervical cancer in conservative cultures. Screening programs in these societies must be carefully balanced with educational efforts to reach specialized and different segments of the population. These efforts must be made in order to persuade policy makers in the developing world to invest in screening and other cost effective prevention methods.
The greatest real burden of cervical cancer is in the developing world. Screening is problematic in this area. Funding is grossly inadequate and trained personnel to perform screening are scarce. Laboratory infrastructure is not developed and is primitive and there are a limited number of treatment methods available.